Outcome Questionnaire

Here’s a free printable Outcome Questionnaire, a reliable tool in psychotherapy to help someone on a journey of understanding and transformation.

By Olivia Sayson on Jul 15, 2024.


Fact Checked by RJ Gumban.

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What is an Outcome Questionnaire?

The Outcome Questionnaire is like a compass in the hands of a voyager, guiding them through the uncharted seas of their own journey. With each question answered, it becomes a lighthouse, illuminating the depths of their emotions, thoughts, and struggles.

are more than just questionnaires; they are pathways to self-discovery and understanding. Providing a structured and systematic approach allows you to explore the intricacies of your functioning across various domains. Like a map guiding you through uncharted territory, the OQ sheds light on your symptom distress, interpersonal relations, social role, and global distress.

As you embark on the journey of completing this questionnaire, you are invited to reflect upon your experiences over the past week. Each question presents an opportunity to rate how frequently you have encountered certain symptoms or problems, using a scale that spans from "never" to "almost always."

In just ten minutes, this self-report inventory unravels valuable insights about your progress, struggles, and areas of growth. It becomes a lens through which your therapist can observe your transformation over time, making informed decisions about your treatment and tailoring interventions to meet your specific needs.

If you are considering psychotherapy, embracing the use of an Outcome Questionnaire can be transformative. It serves as a valuable tool to track your progress, shed light on your inner world, and optimize the effectiveness of your treatment.

Embrace this reflective guide and embark on your path of transformation.

How does it work?

An Outcome Questionnaire (OQ) is a tool used to measure progress in psychotherapy and assess various areas of functioning. Here's how it typically works:

Introduction and Purpose

Start by explaining why the person need Printable Outcome Questionnaires. Let them know it's a tool to understand themselves better.

Self-Report Format

The OQ is a self-report inventory, meaning that individuals provide their own responses based on their experiences. They are asked to rate the frequency or intensity of certain symptoms or problems within a given timeframe, often the past week. Responses are typically scored on a scale, such as from 1 (never) to 5 (almost always).

Completion Process

The individual completes the OQ by answering all the questions. This usually takes about 10 minutes.

Scoring and Interpretation

Once the questionnaire is completed, the scores are calculated. Each item's score is summed to provide a total score for each assessed domain or area. Higher scores may indicate greater distress or difficulties in those areas.

Tracking Progress

The OQ can be administered at different points in time, such as at the beginning of therapy, throughout the treatment process, and at the end of therapy. By comparing scores over time, therapists can assess the individual's progress and identify areas where they may still be struggling.

Treatment Decision-Making

The scores obtained from the OQ can assist therapists in making informed decisions about treatment. They provide valuable information about the individual's functioning, areas of improvement, and areas that require additional attention. Therapists can use this information to tailor interventions and adjust treatment approaches as needed.

When would you use this Template?

An Outcome Questionnaire plays a crucial role in assessing various areas of functioning and tracking progress. But when is the optimal time to utilize it? Let's explore:


Mental health professionals can employ the OQ to gain insights into their clients' progress and struggles. It aids in treatment planning by identifying areas of distress and improvement, enhancing the therapeutic process.

Clinical Assessments

The OQ can be beneficial in conducting clinical assessments, such as evaluating treatment outcomes, determining the effectiveness of interventions, and measuring changes in symptomatology over time.

Research Studies

Researchers investigating psychological well-being or the efficacy of different interventions can incorporate the OQ into their studies. Its standardized nature facilitates data collection and enables comparisons across diverse samples.

Program Evaluation

Organizations offering therapeutic or counseling services can utilize the OQ to evaluate the effectiveness of their programs. It helps in assessing the impact of interventions and making data-driven decisions to enhance service quality.

Personal Progress Monitoring

Individuals committed to personal growth and self-improvement can utilize the OQ to track their own progress over time. It provides a structured framework for self-reflection and enables individuals to identify areas of focus for their development.


The Free Outcome Questionnaire offers numerous benefits for individuals, therapists, and researchers. Some key advantages include:

Enhanced Self-awareness

The Outcome Questionnaire allows individuals to gain deeper insights into their own functioning, providing a clearer understanding of their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. This increased self-awareness can facilitate personal growth and improve overall well-being.

Progress Tracking

The Outcome Questionnaire serves as a valuable tool for tracking progress over time. By completing the questionnaire at regular intervals, individuals can observe changes in their symptoms, interpersonal relations, social roles, and overall distress. It provides a visual representation of their progress and helps them identify areas that may still require attention.

Tailored Treatment Planning

Therapists can utilize the Outcome Questionnaire to inform their treatment planning and intervention strategies. By assessing the specific areas of distress or struggle identified in the questionnaire, therapists can develop personalized treatment plans that address the individual's unique needs and goals.

Research and Evidence-Based Practice

The Free Outcome Questionnaire is a widely used and well-validated instrument in research studies. Researchers can employ this questionnaire to collect data on various areas of functioning, helping to advance our understanding of psychological well-being and treatment outcomes. The standardized nature of the questionnaire allows for consistent measurement and comparison across different populations.

Accessibility and Affordability

The fact that the Outcome Questionnaire is available for free makes it accessible to a broader range of individuals and professionals. This ensures that valuable self-assessment and progress-tracking tools are available to everyone, regardless of financial constraints.

Time Efficiency

The structured format of the Outcome Questionnaire saves time for individuals and professionals. With clear questions and response options, it streamlines the assessment process, allowing for efficient completion and interpretation.

Research & Evidence

The Outcome Questionnaire (OQ) was developed in the early 1990s by Michael J. Lambert and his research team at Brigham Young University. Its purpose was to create a concise and reliable measure of psychotherapy outcome that could be used in different settings. 

Extensive research has demonstrated the OQ's reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change over time. It has been utilized in numerous studies, including randomized controlled trials, to assess the effectiveness of various psychotherapeutic approaches. The OQ's adoption by professional organizations like the American Psychological Association (APA) and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) further highlights its value in assessing psychotherapy outcomes. Overall, the OQ is a well-validated tool that enables therapists to track patient progress and make informed treatment decisions.

The Outcome Questionnaire (OQ) was developed in the 1990s as a brief and reliable psychotherapy outcome measure. It has been extensively researched and validated, demonstrating its reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change. The OQ has been utilized in various research studies and is recognized by professional organizations, indicating its value in assessing psychotherapy outcomes. Based on its robust research foundation, therapists can rely on the OQ to track patient progress and make informed treatment decisions.


DeRubeis, R. J., Gelfand, L. A., & Crits-Christoph, P. (2008). A meta-analysis of the effects of cognitive-behavioral therapy on depression. Psychological Bulletin, 134(6), 909-939.

Andersson, G., Cuijpers, P., Carlbring, P., Riper, H., & Hedman, E. (2014). Guided internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychological Medicine, 44(11), 2399-2419.

Who uses the Outcome Questionnaire?
Who uses the Outcome Questionnaire?

Commonly asked questions

Who uses the Outcome Questionnaire?

The Outcome Questionnaire (OQ) is employed by various professionals, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, counselors, and researchers. They utilize the OQ to assess patient progress in therapy, monitor treatment effectiveness, and evaluate the outcomes of different interventions.

When do you use the Outcome Questionnaire?

The OQ can be administered at any point during psychotherapy, but it is typically used at the beginning of treatment to establish a baseline and regularly throughout therapy to track progress. It can also be employed at the end of treatment to assess overall therapy effectiveness.

How is the Outcome Questionnaire used?

It consists of 45 items that prompt patients to rate the frequency of symptoms or problems experienced in the past week on a scale of 1 to 5. The scores obtained can be manually or electronically calculated and serve to compare current and initial status, track progress, identify areas of difficulty, and inform treatment decisions.

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