Community Health Improvement Plan

Discover how Community Health Improvement Plans (CHIPs) address community health needs strategically for effective outcomes and better population health.

By Joshua Napilay on Apr 08, 2024.

Fact Checked by RJ Gumban.

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What is a community health assessment?

A community health assessment systematically identifies and analyzes a specific population, region, county, or community's health needs, resources, and priorities. It involves collecting and analyzing data related to various health indicators such as demographics, health behaviors, social determinants of health, access to healthcare services, environmental factors, and health outcomes.

The purpose of a community health assessment is to:

  • Understand the health status and needs of the community.
  • Identify disparities and inequities in health outcomes.
  • Assess the availability and accessibility of healthcare services.
  • Identify strengths and assets within the community that can be leveraged to improve health.
  • Engage community members and stakeholders in the assessment process.
  • Inform the development of health improvement strategies and interventions.
  • Evaluate the impact of existing health programs and policies.

Community health assessments are often conducted by local public health agencies, healthcare organizations, community-based organizations, and academic institutions in collaboration with community members and other stakeholders. The assessment findings inform the development of community health improvement plans and allocate resources to address the identified community health improvement needs and priorities.

Printable Community Health Improvement Plan PDF

Download this Community Health Improvement Plan to discuss public health issues through community health assessment activities and the improvement process.

What is a Community Health Improvement Plan?

A Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) is a strategic plan developed based on a Community Health Assessment (CHA) or Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA). This community health improvement plan outlines the priorities, strategies, and actions needed to address the health needs and improve the health status of a community or region.

The CHIP process involves collaboration among stakeholders, including community partners, health services providers, local and state health department departments, organizations, and residents. It utilizes data and analysis from the community health assessments to identify critical health issues, disparities, and areas of need within the community.

Key components of a CHIP include:

  • Assessment: Utilizing data from community health assessments to identify the community's health needs, resources, and priorities.
  • Analysis: Analyzing the data to understand the underlying factors contributing to health issues and disparities.
  • Community engagement: Involving community members and stakeholders in the planning process to ensure that the CHIP reflects the community's vision and priorities.
  • Development of strategies: Developing evidence-based strategies and interventions to address the identified health needs and priorities.
  • Partnerships: Establishing partnerships and collaborations with community organizations, health services providers, and other stakeholders to support the implementation of the CHIP.
  • Implementation: Implementing the strategies outlined in the CHIP through coordinated efforts and allocation of resources.
  • Monitoring and evaluation: Continuously monitor progress and evaluate the impact of the CHIP to ensure that it effectively addresses the community's health needs and achieves its goals.

The CHIP serves as a roadmap for improving the community's public health, guiding the allocation of resources and efforts toward the most pressing public health issues. It is informed by the principles of public health, including equity, community engagement, and evidence-based practice, and aims to create healthier and more resilient communities.

Community Health Improvement Plan process

Developing a Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) involves several key steps: assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation. Here's an overview of the process:


The first step in a community territorial health assessment and needs assessment in developing a Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) is to thoroughly assess the community's health status, resources, and challenges.

  • Community health assessment (CHA) or community health needs assessment (CHNA): Conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the community's health status, needs, assets, and resources. This involves collecting and analyzing data on various health indicators, social determinants of health, access to healthcare services, and community strengths and challenges.
  • Community engagement: Engage community members, stakeholders, and partners in the assessment process to ensure that diverse perspectives are considered and community priorities are identified.


Once the community's health needs are identified, the next step is to prioritize them and establish clear goals, principles, and objectives for a community health improvement plan.

  • Identify priorities: Based on the findings of the CHA or CHNA, prioritize the health issues and needs that require attention. Consider factors such as severity, prevalence, disparities, and intervention feasibility.
  • Develop goals and objectives: Define specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals and objectives to address the identified priorities.
  • Strategies and interventions: Develop evidence-based strategies and interventions to achieve the goals and objectives. Consider the input of stakeholders and community members in selecting and designing interventions.
  • Partnerships: Establish partnerships and collaborations with community organizations, healthcare providers, government agencies, and other stakeholders to support the implementation of the CHIP.


With priorities and goals in place, it's time to develop action plans and allocate resources to implement strategies and interventions.

  • Action planning: Develop detailed action plans outlining the steps, responsibilities, timeline, and resources required for implementing each strategy and intervention.
  • Resource allocation: Allocate resources, including funding, staff, and other support, to support the implementation of the CHIP.
  • Capacity building: Build the capacity of community organizations and stakeholders to implement and sustain the CHIP activities effectively.


Monitoring and evaluation are critical and essential for determining the effectiveness of programs in the CHIP.

  • Monitor progress: Regularly monitor the implementation progress of the CHIP to ensure that activities are on track and objectives are being met.
  • Evaluate impact: Evaluate the impact of CHIP on the community's health outcomes, including changes in health behaviors, access to care, and health disparities.
  • Feedback and adaptation: Solicit input from stakeholders and community members and use evaluation findings to adjust the CHIP. Adapt strategies based on lessons learned and emerging community needs.

Continuous improvement

Community and health improvement plan is an ongoing process.

  • Iterative process: Recognize that the CHIP process is iterative and ongoing. Continuously reassess community needs, update priorities, and refine strategies to address evolving health issues and community dynamics.
  • Share results: Share the results of the CHIP evaluation with stakeholders and the community to promote transparency, accountability, and collective learning.

How to use this template?

Using the provided Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) template involves several steps:

  1. Assessment and prioritization: Conduct a community health assessment to identify key health issues. Prioritize these issues based on prevalence, severity, disparities, and potential impact.
  2. Stakeholder engagement: Engage with diverse community sector stakeholders to gather input and perspectives on priority health issues and potential strategies.
  3. Goal setting and strategy development: Define specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals for each priority health issue. Develop evidence-based strategies and interventions to achieve these goals.
  4. Implementation planning: Create a detailed plan outlining timelines, responsible parties, resource allocation, and performance measures for each intervention.
  5. Monitoring and evaluation: Establish a framework for monitoring and evaluating the progress of the CHIP, including indicators and benchmarks to measure outcomes and success.
  6. Sustainability and funding: Explore sustainable funding sources and develop strategies for long-term sustainability, including capacity building, policy advocacy, and community empowerment.
  7. Communication and reporting: Develop a communication plan to engage stakeholders and the community, sharing updates, progress, and successes of the CHIP through various channels such as newsletters, social media, community forums, and annual reports.

Community Health Improvement Plan example (sample)

Unlock the potential to transform your community's health landscape with our free Community Health Improvement Plan (CHIP) example. By downloading this comprehensive guide, you'll gain access to a structured framework designed to address priority health issues and promote health equity within your community. 

Whether you're a healthcare professional, community leader, or advocate for public health, this resource provides invaluable insights and actionable strategies to drive positive change. Take the first step towards improving health outcomes and reducing disparities by downloading our free CHIP example today. 

Download this free Community Health Improvement Plan example here

Community Health Improvement Plan example

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Carepatron is considered easy to use, even for small to medium-sized healthcare practices. The platform is cost-effective, making it suitable for practices with limited budgets.

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Why is a Community Health Improvement Plan essential?
Why is a Community Health Improvement Plan essential?

Commonly asked questions

Why is a Community Health Improvement Plan essential?

A community health improvement plan (CHIP plan) is essential because it provides a strategic roadmap for addressing community health improvement needs and guides resources and efforts to improve community health outcomes effectively.

How would you improve the community's other health services?

Improving the community's health involves implementing evidence-based interventions targeting priority health issues, promoting healthy behaviors, ensuring access to healthcare services, and addressing social determinants of health.

What is the difference between CHIP and CHA?

CHIP (Community Health Improvement Plan) outlines strategies and actions to address community and health improvement needs identified through a CHA (Community Health Assessment). The CHA assesses the community's current health status, needs, and resources, while the CHIP focuses on implementing interventions to improve health outcomes.

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