What is the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI)?
The (or the CGI Scale for short) is an easy-to-use assessment tool developed for clinicians to quickly evaluate an adult patient with mental illness based on a clinician’s overall experience with adult patients who have the same or similar illness. Essentially, it evaluates the effects of mental health treatments amongst psychiatric patients.
It comes in the form of a three-item questionnaire in which they will evaluate the following:
- The severity of the patient’s mental illness at this time, which they will rate between 0 to 7. This portion is known as the CGI-S (Clinical Global Impression - Severity).
- The improvement of the patient since they first were admitted for their mental health illness, which they will rate between 0 to 7 as well. This portion is known as the CGI-I (Clinical Global Impression - Improvement).
- The effectiveness of the drug administered to the patient. This portion is known as the Efficacy Index.
Given its length, any health practitioner using this scale will be able to accomplish it quickly, especially if they are experienced with their work and are familiar with the patient they are handling.
How to use the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI)
Rate the CGI-S (severity of illness).
The first thing that the healthcare professional needs to do is rate the severity of their patient’s mental illness at this current time.
The rating is between 0 to 7 and these are the designations per number:
- 0 = not assessed
- 1 = normal, not at all ill
- 2 = Borderline mentally ill
- 3 = mildly ill
- 4 = moderately ill
- 5 = markedly ill
- 6 = severely ill
- 7 = among the most extremely ill patients
Again, the practitioner should rate based on their overall clinical experience with the same population (adults who have the same or similar mental illness).
Rate the CGI-I (global improvement).
The second part of the scale will have the practitioner rate the patient in terms of how much they have improved since the first time they were admitted. The practitioner will rate them between 0 to 7 based on their judgment of whether or not their improvement is due entirely to the drug treatment provided to the patient.
Here are the rating designations:
- 0 = not assessed
- 1 = very much improved
- 2 = much improved
- 3 = minimally improved
- 4 = no change
- 5 = minimally worse
- 6 = much worse
- 7 = very much worse
Rate the Efficacy Index.
The last part of the scale is the Efficacy Index, which is divided into two parts!
The practitioner will rate the effect of the drug prescribed to the patient in terms of its effect.
The first part is selecting the term that best describes the degree of the drug’s therapeutic effect. These are the terms for this part:
- Marked = Vast improvement. Complete or nearly complete remission of all symptoms.
- Moderate = Decided improvement. Partial remission of symptoms
- Minimal = Slight improvement which doesn’t alter the status of care of the patient
- Unchanged or worse
The second part is selecting the number that corresponds to the following side effects:
- None (01 = marked, 05 = moderate, 09 = minimal, or 13 = unchanged or worse)
- Do not significantly interfere with the patient’s functioning (02 = marked, 06 = moderate, 10 = minimal, or 14 = unchanged or worse)
- Significantly interferes with the patient’s functioning (03 = marked, 07 = moderate, 11 = minimal, or 15 = unchanged or worse)
- Outweighs therapeutic effect (04 = marked, 08 = moderate, 12 = minimal, or 16 = unchanged or worse)
- 00 = not assessed
Given the context of the scale’s structure, it is meant for patients who have already been admitted and started treatment. These ratings should reflect where they are currently based on your assessment of them. While there is no global score to refer to, you have your ratings on which to base your next steps. Should you change the medicine based on the ratings you gave? Should you simply up the dosage? These are some of the questions you’ll be able to answer by using the scale.
Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) Example
Now that you are aware of what the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) is, what its different sections are, and what exactly you need to do for the whole thing, all we are going to say is: “Easy, right?!”
It’s so easy that you should see what a filled-out Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) sample looks like.
If you like what you see here and think using this assessment will greatly aid your practice, feel free to download a printable Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) from our platform! It also comes in the form of an editable PDF, so if you want to go paperless, you can opt to simply answer the scale on your device instead of printing it.
When does one typically use the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI)?
As mentioned earlier, the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) context is that you are assessing a patient who has already set appointments with you and has undergone treatment based on whatever care plan you have made for them.
Given that, you are typically using this to check on your patient during subsequent sessions because you will be rating them based on:
- How mentally ill they are during the time you are using this scale
- How much they have improved or worsened since you first admitted them and if the change is due to the prescribed medication
- The therapeutic effect of the prescribed medication and its side effects on the patient in terms of affecting their functioning
While the copy we have is a replicated version of the original one, we added an Additional Comments section where you can indicate any comments you might have, like your findings, especially if you have been reusing this test a lot on the same patient.
Who typically uses the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI)?
The Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) was designed to check on patients with mental illnesses, so the following healthcare practitioners are the ones who typically use this to assess their patients:
- Clinical psychologists
- Mental health therapists
Any healthcare professional specializing in mental illnesses and their treatment can definitely use this for their work.
What are the benefits of using the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI)?
It is straightforward and easy to use.
The Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) is easy to use given that you only need to rate the patient based on two prompts, and then rate the prescribed medication based on its therapeutic effect and impact on the patient’s function.
The ease of use also makes it quick to accomplish. If you are handling more than one patient and you have several appointments in a day, then using this scale might be beneficial for you because it could save you some time.
It’s a great way to monitor a patient over time.
Given that this scale is used to assess patients undergoing a mental health treatment plan who are taking medication, it is a monitoring tool that will help the practitioner determine if their patients are getting better. Practitioners can better determine what needs to be changed and maintained in the treatment plan.
It can be used to determine if the medication being used is effective or not.
Speaking of monitoring the patient and determining what should be changed or maintained in a treatment plan, another thing that this scale monitors is the effectiveness of the prescribed drug being used for the treatment.
If the patient is getting better, is this the cause of the prescribed drug (this will be based on your judgment)?
Is the drug even working, to begin with? What are the side effects when it comes to the patient’s functioning?
If your assessment shows that the drug is not effective and the side effects are impacting the patient’s functioning negatively, then obviously changing the dosage or changing the prescribed medication might be more beneficial. If they are getting better and the side effects are not bad at all, then the medication should be maintained.
Why use Carepatron for mental health-related software?
If you are a healthcare practitioner that specializes in mental health treatment, then you might want to check out more of Carepatron!
You are on this page because you are probably interested in knowing about the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) and how to use it. But maybe you would be delighted to know that we also house a wide variety of assessments, worksheets, and even treatment plan templates that you might find beneficial for your work!
We have a comprehensive platform that covers different aspects of mental health, mental health issues, and mental health documents that should aid you when it comes to assessing and treating patients. We recommend using the Clinical Global Impression Scale (CGI) with other assessments to get better pictures of your patients, and in turn, help you make better informed and well-rounded decisions for their treatment!
Using our platform does not just give you access to nifty mental health tools, but also access to an awesome storage system that allows you to store any clinical documentation you might have in a HIPAA-compliant manner, especially filled-out Clinical Global Impression Scales!
Storing documents through us means you are creating digital backups of your files. The storage system also allows you to set who can access these files besides you, plus, makes your documents easily accessible anytime, anywhere, on any capable device so long as you have an internet connection!
Convenience. Accessibility. Security. You get all three with Carepatron.