Faber Tests

Identify any possible pathologies in the sacroiliac, lumbar, or hip region with a Faber Test. Click here for more information on the test and a template.

By Patricia Buenaventura on Jun 20, 2024.

Fact Checked by Ericka Pingol.

Use Template
Faber Tests PDF Example
toolsTime toolSend UIAI icon

What is a Faber Test?

The, also called Patrick's Test or the Flexion, Abduction, and External Rotation test, is a diagnostic tool healthcare professionals use to identify potential pathologies in the sacroiliac, lumbar, or hip region. Developed by Hugh Talbot Patrick, an esteemed American neurologist, this assessment involves reproducing pain in the areas mentioned above, which may indicate underlying conditions such as sacroiliitis joint dysfunction, iliopsoas strain, intra-articular hip disorder, or posterior hip impingement. These findings warrant further examination to ensure accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Similar to specific physical exams, a standardized template for this test doesn’t exist. However, we’ve created a FABER test template for your benefit and ease.. You can use this document as a guide, reference, or document to record your patient’s results and any additional observations or findings.

On our template, you can expect to see the following:

  • Basic, essential information such as the examination date, patient name, and your name as the examiner
  • A step-by-step on how to conduct the test
  • A guide on how to know if your patient is positive
  • A dedicated space where you can write your patient’s results or additional observations/findings you may have

Think this document will help you in your practice? Continue to the next section for more information on downloading and using the FABER test template.

Printable Faber Test

Download this Faber Test to evaluate pathologies in the sacroiliac, lumbar, or hip region.

How does it work?

Access and Download the Template

To access and download our printable FABER test, do either of the following:

Conduct the Test

Once you have a copy of the template, fill out the essential information, such as your name, your patient’s name, and the assessment date. Then, you may follow the test instructions provided on the template. 

So that you have an idea of the step-by-step provided on the template, we’ll also write down the directions below. 

FABER Test Instructions

  1. Have the patient lie down or be in a supine position. 
  2. Create a “figure-4” position with the patient’s affected leg. Ensure that the ankle is placed on the opposite knee. 
  3. Gently push the knee of the patient’s affected side toward the examining table. You may use one hand to do this while the other hand must be placed on the pelvis or opposite hip to prevent it from moving. 

Interpret 

As soon as you’ve finished, it’s time to interpret. We’ve provided a test result guide on the template, which we’ll also add below:

FABER Test Result: 

(+) Positive test if:

  • There is pain in the groin or buttocks

Feel free to write down any additional notes, observations, or findings you may have in the space provided at the bottom of the template. 

Proceed with the Next Steps

Since the test can’t diagnose any hip, lumbar, or sacroiliac lumbar region pathology alone, if the patient tests positive, it’s best if you recommend that they have the patient undergo further testing to finalize a diagnosis.

Faber Tests Example (sample)

Here’s our FABER test sample, available to download as a PDF file. You can use it offline as a guide, reference, or educational resource before or when conducting the FABER screening test. 

View the example below or click the “Download Example PDF” button above for a copy. 

Download this Faber Test Example:

Faber Tests Example (sample)

When would you use this Form?

Practitioners such as general physicians, physical therapists, orthopedic specialists, and sports therapists may use the FABER test as one of the assessments to determine if the patient has any hip, lumber, or sacroiliac joint pathologies. 

To be more specific, the mentioned practitioners can use this test when their patient is exhibiting the following symptoms:

  • Pain in the groin or hip joint that may extend to the thigh and knee
  • Limping
  • Stiffness of muscles
  • Pain in the affected leg if one applies weight on it
  • Reduced movement in the hip joint

Benefits

Saves Time and Effort

Not only is the test itself quick to conduct, but with the template, you don’t need to search for instructions on how to do the test and create notes for the results from scratch.

Written Copies for Reference

With the free FABER test template, you will definitely have written copies for reference or basis when requesting additional tests, writing down details of the patient’s story/personal observations, or asking for opinions from fellow practitioners. 

Accessible 

Compared to other tests and assessments, the FABER test template is an accessible document that doesn’t have a paywall nor needs an account to access and use. 

Entirely Digital 

Though our FABER test template is printable, it’s also entirely digital. You can access it on any device you have on hand and store completed ones for immediate access on Carepatron at any time. 

Research & Evidence

According to multiple studies, further research has yet to be made to conclude about the accuracy, reliability, and validity of the FABER test. Currently, results have shown low figures, especially if it’s used as the sole test for diagnosing hip and sacroiliac joint pathologies. It’s recommended that further tools or tests be used to formulate a diagnosis. 

Why use Carepatron as your Faber Test app?

It’s because thousands of healthcare professionals, from general practitioners to physical therapists, use Carepatron to help manage their practice. 

With our tools and features on our desktop software and mobile-friendly app, you can do more than just fill out, download, and store the FABER test template. If you download Carepatron, you can use it to automate tasks and streamline processes such as:

  • Scheduling: Patients can request appointments independently. All approved requests with the sync feature, you can view all approved appointments on your Google/iCal calendar and our built-in calendar. 
  • Reminding: Send patients automated reminders on payments and appointments via SMS and email. 
  • Medical Document, Note, and Invoice Creation: Carepatron has over 100 templates of essential tests, surveys, assessments, SOAP/DAR note templates, and invoice templates you can customize, download and print. 
  • Medical Document and Note Storage: You don’t have to worry about storage because Carepatron is a HIPAA-compliant EHR that can securely store all your uploaded, customized, and filled-out documents. 
  • Payment: Ensure that your staff is paid well by offering easy payment options to patients and processing those payments in minutes. 

And these are just a few of the many things you can do on Carepatron. Sign up for an account and access today!

Clinical Documentation Software

References

Bagwell, J. J., Bauer, L., Gradoz, M., & Grindstaff, T. L. (2016). THE RELIABILITY OF FABER TEST HIP RANGE OF MOTION MEASUREMENTS. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 11(7), 1101-1105. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5159634/

Cattley, P., Winyard, J., Trevaskis, J., & Eaton, S. (2002). Validity and reliability of clinical tests for the sacroiliac joint. A review of literature. Australasian chiropractic & osteopathy : journal of the Chiropractic & Osteopathic College of Australasia, 10(2), 73–80.

Tijssen, M., van Cingel, R., Willemsen, L., & de Visser, E. (2012). Diagnostics of Femoroacetabular Impingement and Labral Pathology of the Hip: A Systematic Review of the Accuracy and Validity of Physical Tests. Arthroscopy: The Journal Of Arthroscopic &Amp; Related Surgery, 28(6), 860-871. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2011.12.004

Who typically uses Faber Tests?
Who typically uses Faber Tests?

Commonly asked questions

Who typically uses Faber Tests?

Practitioners such as physical therapists, orthopedic therapists, sports therapists, and general physicians are most like to use and benefit from the FABER test templates.

When are Faber Tests used?

The FABER test and the template are used during the test when the patient needs to reproduce the symptoms they’ve experienced due to a possible hip, lumbar, or sacroiliac joint pathology. 

How are Faber Tests used?

They can be used as a guide, template, and document to take down notes.

Join 10,000+ teams using Carepatron to be more productive

One app for all your healthcare work