What is a Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan template?
Hyperglycemia refers to elevated blood sugar levels beyond the normal range in the bloodstream. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition where insufficient insulin is produced in the pancreas, or the body cannot use the insulin produced effectively. This build-up and increased glucose concentration is referred to as hyperglycemia.
Primarily associated with diabetes, hyperglycemia can also occur due to various other factors like stress, illness, certain medications, or hormonal changes. In the context of Type 1 diabetes, the body doesn't produce enough insulin. For type 2 diabetes, the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces, leading to an imbalance in blood glucose levels. A blood glucose level over 125 mg/dL may be considered hyperglycemic while fasting and over 180 mg/dL after eating.
The significance of a Nursing Care Plan for hyperglycemia lies in its ability to provide structured, targeted care to individuals experiencing this condition. Hyperglycemia poses immediate risks and can lead to both short-term and long-term complications. Acute hyperglycemia may cause increased thirst, fatigue, and blurred vision. Should it go untreated, hyperglycemia can lead to life-threatening conditions such as diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state.
A patient who experiences consistently high blood sugar levels may experience discomfort and cannot function properly or effectively. The condition can lead to dehydration, increased risk of infection, and negatively impact one’s mood and cognition if not managed properly. Implementing a Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan is crucial for proper management and assurance of high-quality care and symptom management.
How does it work?
Step One: Gather your resources
Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plans are a valuable resource and essential to keep on hand. Make sure that you have a copy of the free printable PDF when the need arises by either clicking the “Download Template” or “Use Template” button or by searching “ Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan” on Carepatron’s template library’s search bar on the website or app.
Step Two: Collate essential information
Once the patient's key information has been gathered, utilize the Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan TemplateHyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan template to ensure all goals of care are met. Seamless access to this plan for relevant parties can be achieved via Carepatron's centralized workspace. Assessment, symptom management, and interventions can be collated within the single care plan and safely stored on a single database.
The care plan allows for individualized treatment options. It acts as a scaffolding to ensure goals of care are met, and the next steps are recorded for future reference or for distribution to other healthcare specialists who are part of the patient's care team.
Step Three: Store the chart securely
After reviewing the Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan and creating a viable and individualized plan for the patient, you need to secure the plan so that access is only granted to relevant parties.
Ensure this through Carepatrons HIPAA-compliant free patient records software. Here, all relevant medical records can be safely stored and collated for ease and security.
Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan example (sample)
Eager to utilize this essential care planning tool? Acquire a free, downloadable, and printable Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan Template PDF that comes pre-filled with fictional data to help you confidently track your patient's needs or act as an educational tool.
Our crafted sample template is designed to assist you in efficiently utilizing the chart and evaluating the goals of care for patients diagnosed with hyperglycemia. It includes dedicated sections for evaluation, interventions, and symptom tracking.
Secure your copy by either previewing the sample below or clicking the "Download Example PDF" button.
When would you use this template?
Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plans are utilized in various healthcare scenarios and settings whenever patients present with elevated blood sugar levels, particularly in cases associated with diabetes. Below are some situations when this care plan is commonly used:
During hospitalizations, especially for patients with diabetes or those admitted due to complications related to hyperglycemia. The care plan guides nurses in managing blood sugar levels, administering insulin or other medications, and preventing further complications.
In outpatient settings such as primary care clinics, endocrinology practices, or diabetic care centers, to aid healthcare providers in systematically addressing hyperglycemia. It assists in monitoring blood sugar levels, adjusting medications, educating patients, and ensuring follow-up care.
For patients receiving home healthcare services, particularly those managing diabetes. The care plan helps home health nurses provide structured care, monitor blood glucose levels, ensure medication compliance, and educate patients and caregivers about managing hyperglycemia at home.
Long-Term Care Facilities
Within nursing homes or long-term care settings where residents have diabetes or are prone to hyperglycemia. The care plan assists nursing staff in monitoring blood sugar levels, administering medications, and implementing lifestyle modifications to manage and prevent high blood sugar episodes.
Emergency Department Visits
In emergencies where patients present with acute complications related to hyperglycemia, such as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS). A care plan helps guide immediate interventions to stabilize blood sugar levels and initiate appropriate treatment.
In cases where individuals with diabetes or a history of hyperglycemia seek routine care, the care plan aids in monitoring blood sugar levels, adjusting medications as needed, and providing education on preventive measures to avoid hyperglycemic episodes.
What do the results mean?
Type 2 diabetes
When assessing a patient for hyperglycemia, the focus must lie on the patient's cardiorespiratory status, mental status, and volume status. Testing that reveals serum electrolytes with the calculation of the anion gap, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, and complete blood count are of value.
Typically, urinalysis by dipstick to monitor glucose and ketones in the urine is utilized for blood glucose determination. Should the results present any of the following, the patient has developed type 2 diabetes, and risks of hyperglycemia must be managed:
- A fasting plasma glucose level of 126 mg/dL or higher
- A 2-hour plasma glucose level of 200 mg/dL or higher during a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
- Random plasma glucose of 200 mg/dL or higher in the presence of symptoms of hyperglycemia
- A hemoglobin A1c level of 6.5% or higher
Decreased cardiac output
Unmanaged hyperglycemia can potentially damage blood vessels, resulting in reduced cardiac output. This may be evidenced through tachycardia, dyspnea, reduced oxygen saturation, hypotension, and a weak peripheral pulse. Through creating a care plan the expected goals are that the patient will manifest adequate cardiac output as evidenced by stable vital signs, Urine output of 0.5 to 1.5 cc/kg/hour, and an absence of arrhythmia.
Ineffective health maintenance
If the patient has a diet that is high in carbohydrates, paired with a sedentary lifestyle, and a lack of adherence to recommended insulin medication use, then intervention is required to prevent future health complications.
Why use Carepatron as your Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan app?
Selecting Carepatron as your preferred application for creating a Hyperglycemia Nursing Care Plan offers numerous advantages for healthcare practitioners.
Carepatron provides a centralized workspace, allowing you to manage clinical documents and electronic patient records, set patient appointment reminders, and handle medical billing seamlessly and efficiently within the platform, eliminating the need for additional software downloads. This integrated and comprehensive approach simplifies and streamlines processes and tasks related to hyperglycemia management, care, and various other activities, giving you peace of mind and allowing you to focus most of your time, attention, and effort on patient care.
Carepatron is dedicated to offering a highly efficient and productive platform for thousands of healthcare professionals, allowing you to customize tools and workflows to meet your unique needs. Additionally, it empowers practitioners and patients to manage administrative tasks such as service booking and completing paperwork. The easy sharing of essential documents and data through the app ensures a top-quality customer experience.
We strongly believe in providing radical accessibility, making our app available on any device you have at your disposal. Our portable medical dictation software simplifies clinical note-making and updates, ensuring an effortless process. With great accessibility comes great responsibility, and we prioritize the security of all notes, clinical records, results, and practitioner data by complying with global security requirements, including HIPAA, GDPR, and HITRUST.
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Mouri, Mi., & Badireddy, M. (2023). Hyperglycemia. National Library of Medicine; StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430900/
Rawlings, A. M., Sharrett, A. R., Albert, M. S., Coresh, J., Windham, B. G., Power, M. C., Knopman, D. S., Walker, K., Burgard, S., Mosley, T. H., Gottesman, R. F., & Selvin, E. (2019). The Association of Late-Life Diabetes Status and Hyperglycemia With Incident Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia: The ARIC Study. Diabetes Care, 42(7), 1248–1254. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc19-0120