Lateral Epicondylitis Exercises Handout

Discover the benefits of our Lateral Epicondylitis Exercises Handout for healthcare professionals. Download now to enhance patient care with Carepatron's platform.

By RJ Gumban on Jul 15, 2024.


Fact Checked by Ericka Pingol.

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What is lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)?

Lateral epicondylitis, commonly known as tennis elbow, is a condition characterized by pain and tenderness on the outer part of the elbow. It results from overuse of the forearm muscles and tendons, leading to inflammation and microscopic tears in the tendons that attach to the lateral epicondyle. This repetitive strain often affects individuals who engage in frequent wrist and arm motions, such as tennis players, painters, and carpenters.

The primary symptoms of lateral epicondylitis include pain and weakness in the elbow and forearm, particularly noticeable during gripping or lifting activities. The discomfort can range from mild to severe and may significantly impact daily activities and work performance. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to manage symptoms and prevent further tendon damage.

Lateral Epicondylitis Exercises Handout Template

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Lateral Epicondylitis Exercises Handout Example

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Importance of lateral epicondylitis exercises

Performing specific exercises for lateral epicondylitis is crucial for recovery and long-term management. These exercises help stretch and strengthen the muscles and tendons around the elbow, promoting healing and reducing the risk of further injury. Strengthening exercises improve muscle endurance and resistance to repetitive stress, while stretching exercises enhance flexibility and relieve muscle tension.

Regularly performing these exercises can alleviate pain, improve function, and prevent recurrence of symptoms. Following a structured exercise program, patients can return to daily activities and sports with reduced discomfort and a lower risk of re-injury. Such a program aims to promote muscle endurance and improve resistance to repetitive stress.

7 exercises for lateral epicondylitis

These exercises are designed to alleviate pain and improve function in patients with lateral epicondylitis. Incorporating these exercises into a patient's rehabilitation program can significantly aid recovery.

Finger stretch with rubber band

The patient should wrap a rubber band around their thumb and fingers, forming a slight cup with their hand. They should gently spread their thumb and fingers apart, then bring them back together. This motion should be repeated 10 times for three sets, once or twice daily.


The patient should hold a soft object, such as putty or a small rubber ball, in their hand and squeeze it continuously for 10 to 15 minutes. This exercise should be repeated two to three times daily.

Downward wrist stretch

The patient should extend one arm straight in front of them and grasp the hand with their other hand. They should gently bend their wrist downward and slightly outward until they feel a stretch. This position should be held for 15 to 30 seconds, then relaxed. The exercise should be repeated two or three times, two or three times daily.

Wrist curl (palm up, palm down)

The patient should place their forearm flat on a table with their palm facing up, positioning a weight or resistance band in their palm. Using their other hand, they should gently pull their wrist toward their body and slowly return it to the starting position over five seconds. This exercise should be repeated with the palm facing down while holding the weight or resistance band, performing three sets of 10 repetitions.

Elbow curls (palm up, palm down)

The patient should step forward with one foot in front of the other, securing one end of an exercise band under their back foot and gripping the other end with their hand using either an overhand or underhand hold. They should pull the band upward and curl their arm toward their shoulder. Alternatively, a dumbbell or barbell can be used in place of the exercise band.

Forearm pull (optional)

The patient should stand with their knees slightly bent, gripping the weight bar at shoulder level with their palms facing downward and their upper arms close to their sides. They should press the weight downward and then return to the starting position. This exercise should be performed for 10 repetitions in three sets.

Forearm twist (optional)

The patient should sit with their forearm supported and hold a hammer with their palm facing down. They should slowly rotate their forearm upward, then downward, until discomfort is felt. If the rotation feels uncomfortable, they should shift their hand closer to the hammerhead. This exercise should be performed 10 times for three sets. Alternatively, a dumbbell with a weight on one side can be used instead of a hammer.

How to use our Lateral Epicondylitis Exercises Handout

Our Lateral Epicondylitis Exercises Handout is designed to guide patients through a structured exercise program to aid in recovering tennis elbow. It is important to consult a physical therapist to guide the exercises, including specific instructions, exercise duration, and addressing any pain or discomfort. Follow these steps to use our handout effectively.

Step 1: Download the handout

First, download the Lateral Epicondylitis Exercises Handout from the Carepatron platform. Ensure you have the latest version to access the most accurate and up-to-date instructions. This ensures you provide your patients with the best possible care and guidance.

Step 2: Review the handout with the patient

Sit down with the patient and review the entire handout together. Explain the purpose of each exercise and how it will help their recovery process. Ensure the patient understands the importance of performing these exercises regularly and correctly to maximize their benefits.

Step 3: Demonstrate each exercise

Physically demonstrate each exercise to the patient, highlighting the correct form and technique. This is crucial for preventing further injury and ensuring effective exercises. Ensure the patient feels comfortable and confident in performing each exercise independently.

Step 4: Provide clear instructions

Give the patient clear instructions on following the exercise program outlined in the handout. Emphasize the importance of adhering to each exercise's prescribed frequency, repetitions, and duration to achieve the best results. Answer any questions they may have to ensure they understand the program thoroughly.

Step 5: Schedule follow-up appointments

Schedule regular follow-up appointments to monitor the patient’s progress. During these visits, reassess their condition, make any necessary adjustments to their therapeutic exercise program, and address any concerns or difficulties they may be experiencing. Consistent follow-up ensures ongoing support and optimal recovery.

How will professionals benefit from using this handout?

Healthcare professionals will find our Lateral Epicondylitis Exercises Handout invaluable for patient care. It provides a structured, easy-to-follow exercise program that enhances patient compliance and effectiveness. By offering clear instructions, the handout ensures that patients perform exercises correctly, reducing the risk of further injury and speeding up recovery.

Additionally, the handout saves professionals time during consultations, as they can quickly refer patients to the detailed guide. This consistency in patient education can lead to better outcomes and a more efficient rehabilitation process.

What is lateral epicondylitis?
What is lateral epicondylitis?

Commonly asked questions

What is lateral epicondylitis?

Lateral epicondylitis, also known as tennis elbow, is a condition characterized by pain and tenderness on the outer part of the elbow due to overuse of the forearm muscles and tendons. This overuse can lead to an injured tendon, causing significant discomfort and limiting arm movement.

Is tennis elbow and golfer's elbow the same?

No, tennis elbow and golfer's elbow are two different conditions that affect the elbow joint. Tennis elbow is lateral epicondylitis, which is an overuse injury that affects the outer part of the elbow. On the other hand, golfer's elbow is medial epicondylitis, which is an overuse injury that affects the inner part of the elbow.

How do these exercises help with lateral epicondylitis?

These exercises help by stretching and strengthening the muscles and tendons around the elbow, promoting healing, reducing pain, and improving function. Specific exercises target the muscles attached to the injured tendon to enhance muscle endurance and support recovery.

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