DISC Assessment

Learn about DISC assessments, their types, meanings, and how to use them for free. Download our free PDF for a practical example.

By Telita Montales on Jul 15, 2024.


Fact Checked by Nate Lacson.

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What is a DiSC Assessment?

A DiSC Assessment is a widely used personality profiling tool that helps individuals gain insight into their behavioral tendencies and communication styles. Based on the work of psychologist William Moulton Marston, the DiSC model categorizes four primary personality traits into four main types: Dominance (D), Influence (i), Steadiness (S), and Conscientiousness (C) (Marston, 1928).

The DiSC model categorizes behavior into four primary personality types:

  • Dominance (D): Individuals with a dominant style tend to be assertive, direct, and results-oriented. They are often decisive, confident, and enjoy taking charge.
  • Influence (i): People with an influential style are sociable, outgoing, and persuasive. They thrive on building relationships, inspiring others, and networking.
  • Steadiness (S): Individuals with a steady style are reliable, patient, and cooperative. They value harmony and stability and tend to be excellent team players.
  • Conscientiousness (C): People with a conscientious style are analytical, detail-oriented, and cautious. They prioritize accuracy and precision and prefer working with data and facts.

While DiSC Assessments can be incredibly useful, it's crucial to remember that they are just one tool in the broader context of personal growth and team development. They should be used in conjunction with other forms of feedback and personal development strategies for the best results.

Through this explainer video, you can have a visual overview of the DiSC Assessment:

How does it work?

This printable DiSC Assessment questionnaire is valuable for practitioners exploring a client's personality profile or DiSC style. The following steps can serve as a guide on how to use this test:

Step 1: Secure the DiSC Assessment

First, you must obtain our free DiSC personality test. You can download a copy of the questionnaire through the link provided on this page or access it through Carepatron's app or template library.

Step 2: Administer the assessment

Provide the DiSC Assessment to your client. Depending on the chosen tool, this can be done online or via paper forms. The assessment typically takes 10-15 minutes to complete and consists of items about behavioral preferences. Provide the instructions and reassure them that there are no right or wrong answers, only their personal preference and perspectives about themselves.

Step 3: Score and interpret

Once completed, the assessment is scored to determine your client's DiSC personality traits. Take time to analyze these results thoroughly. Look for patterns, dominant traits, and potential areas for development. Consider how each profile might influence workplace interactions and patient care.

Step 4: Discuss findings

Schedule time to review the results with the client. Explain the different DiSC styles and help them understand their own personality type. Work with clients to develop action plans for applying their DiSC profile in their daily lives. This might include strategies for practicing self-awareness, adapting communication styles, or improving social interactions.

Scoring and interpretation

The DiSC questionnaire typically consists of a series of statements or words in common language that describe behaviors in specific settings, such as the workplace. Participants are asked to mark the statements that reflect their behavior most accurately, especially under pressure. The questionnaire is divided into four sections, each corresponding to a DiSC style:

  1. D: Dominance
  2. I: Influence
  3. S: Steadiness
  4. C: Conscientiousness

To score the assessment, count the number of marks in each section. This provides a numerical representation of how strongly each DiSC style is expressed in the individual's behavior.

The interpretation of DiSC results involves analyzing the relative strengths of each style within an individual's profile. Key points to consider during interpretation include:

  • Dominant style: The section with the highest score typically represents the individual's primary behavioral style.
  • Secondary styles: The second and third highest scores indicate supporting behavioral tendencies.
  • Balance: Look for significant differences between scores. A more balanced profile (similar scores across all styles) suggests adaptability, while a profile with one very high score indicates a strong preference for that style.
  • Low scores: Areas with notably low scores may represent potential blind spots or areas for development.
  • Context: Remember that behavior can vary in different settings. The results reflect tendencies in the specific context the participant had in mind while completing the assessment.

When interpreting results, it's important to avoid overgeneralization. DiSC profiles provide insights into tendencies, not fixed traits. They should be used as a starting point for discussion and self-reflection, not as definitive labels.


Conflict Resolution Network. (n.d.). DISC Questionnaire. https://www.crnhq.org/wp-content/uploads/DISC-questionnaire2.pdf

Marston, W. M. (1928). Emotions of normal people. Harcourt Brace & Company. https://doi.org/10.1037/13390-000

What are the 4 DiSC personality types?
What are the 4 DiSC personality types?

Commonly asked questions

What are the 4 DiSC personality types?

The four DiSC personality types are Dominance (D), Influence (I), Steadiness (S), and Conscientiousness (C). Each type describes a distinct behavioral style and set of characteristics, such as how a person approaches problems, interacts with others, and responds to the environment.

Is DiSC personality test legitimate?

Yes, the DiSC personality assessment is a well-established and scientifically validated tool. It is based on the work of psychologist William Moulton Marston and has been extensively researched and refined over decades. The DiSC model provides a reliable framework for understanding individual behavioral preferences and interpersonal dynamics.

How is DISC Assessment scored?

The DiSC Assessment measures an individual's preferences across the four personality dimensions - Dominance, Influence, Steadiness, and Conscientiousness. Each person receives a score for each of the four DiSC styles, indicating the relative strength of that particular behavioral tendency. These scores determine the person's primary DiSC type and any secondary or blended styles they may exhibit.

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