Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart

Optimize heart health with our Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart. Understand cardiac function based on age-specific norms. Download your PDF guide now.

By Joshua Napilay on Jul 15, 2024.


Fact Checked by RJ Gumban.

Use Template
Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart PDF Example
ToolbarShare uiAI Icon

What Is a Normal Ejection Fraction by Age Chart?

A normal ejection fraction by age chart is a graphical representation or table that outlines the expected range of ejection fraction values for different age groups. Ejection fraction (EF) is a crucial measure of heart function, explicitly assessing the percentage of blood pumped out of the left ventricle with each contraction. This chart is a valuable clinical tool, aiding healthcare professionals in evaluating cardiac performance and diagnosing conditions like heart failure.

A normal ejection fraction typically falls between 55% and 70%, indicating efficient heart function. The chart breaks down these normal ranges across various age brackets, recognizing that acceptable values may vary. Such charts are essential for interpreting individual ejection fraction measurements in the context of age-related norms.

For instance, a sample chart might depict the normal ejection fraction range for individuals in their 20s as 60-70%, while those in their 70s might have a normal range of 35-45%. These ranges offer a baseline for clinicians to assess whether a patient's ejection fraction is within the expected parameters for their age.

This resource is vital not only for medical professionals but also for individuals at risk of heart-related issues. Those who have experienced heart attacks, strokes, or other cardiac conditions can use the chart to monitor changes in their heart function. 

By understanding their baseline ejection fraction and recognizing deviations, individuals can proactively engage with healthcare providers to address potential concerns and optimize cardiac health.

Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart Template

Download PDF Template

Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart Example

Download Example PDF

How Does It Work?

Utilizing a Normal Ejection Fraction by Age Chart involves a straightforward process that aids healthcare professionals and individuals in assessing heart function. Here's a breakdown of the steps involved:

1. Accessing the Chart

Locate a printable version of the Normal Ejection Fraction by Age Chart. This resource may be available in medical journals, online healthcare platforms, or provided by healthcare practitioners.

2. Identification of Age Group

Identify the age group of the individual for whom the ejection fraction is being assessed. The chart typically categorizes age ranges to provide specific normal values.

3. Reading Ejection Fraction Values

Locate the corresponding age group on the chart and observe the normal ejection fraction range. The values are presented in percentage terms, indicating the expected efficiency of the heart's pumping function.

4. Measurement Comparison

Healthcare professionals use diagnostic tools such as echocardiography to measure the ejection fraction of individuals undergoing cardiac assessment. The obtained measurement is then compared to the normal range provided in the chart.

5. Interpretation and Diagnosis

Healthcare professionals interpret the ejection fraction measurement in the context of the chart. Values within the specified normal range indicate healthy heart function, while deviations may suggest potential cardiac issues.

6. Monitoring and Follow-Up

For individuals with a history of heart conditions or at risk of heart failure, regular monitoring is crucial. The chart is a reference for tracking changes in ejection fraction over time, prompting timely medical intervention if needed.

7. Communication with Healthcare Providers

Individuals and healthcare providers communicate regarding the ejection fraction results. Discussion around deviations from the norm, potential risk factors, and proactive measures for heart health ensues, contributing to personalized care.

When Would You Use This Chart?

The Normal Ejection Fraction by Age Chart is a valuable resource for healthcare practitioners, particularly in cardiology, providing a structured reference for assessing heart function across different age groups. Here are scenarios in which this chart proves essential:

  • Cardiac Evaluation: Cardiologists and cardiovascular specialists use the chart to interpret ejection fraction measurements during routine cardiac evaluations. It aids in diagnosing and monitoring heart conditions, including heart failure.
  • Diagnosis of Heart Failure: When patients present with symptoms suggestive of heart failure, such as shortness of breath or fatigue, healthcare practitioners refer to the chart to assess whether ejection fraction values fall within the normal range.
  • Risk Stratification: Primary care physicians and specialists use the chart to stratify the risk of heart failure in individuals with a history of cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks or strokes. It helps identify those who may benefit from closer monitoring.
  • Treatment Planning: Cardiac surgeons and interventional cardiologists consider ejection fraction values when planning interventions or surgeries. The chart provides a baseline for determining the appropriateness of specific procedures.
  • Long-Term Management: General practitioners and healthcare providers involved in long-term patient care use the chart to manage individuals with known heart conditions. Regular comparisons assist in tracking changes and adjusting treatment plans accordingly.
  • Patient Education: Healthcare educators use the chart to facilitate patient understanding. It serves as a visual aid during discussions about heart health, helping individuals comprehend the significance of ejection fraction values in the context of their age.
  • Preventive Care: Individuals with risk factors for heart disease, such as hypertension or diabetes, can benefit from the chart during preventive health check-ups. This proactive approach allows for early detection of potential cardiac issues.

What Do the Results Mean?

Interpreting the results of an ejection fraction measurement, in alignment with a Normal Ejection Fraction by Age Chart, provides valuable insights into heart function. The results convey information about the efficiency of the heart pumping blood, aiding in assessing cardiovascular health. Here's what common results may indicate:

  • Normal Range (55% to 70%): Results falling within the normal ejection fraction range suggest that the heart effectively pumps blood out of the left ventricle with each contraction. This indicates good cardiac function, and individuals within this range generally have a lower risk of heart-related issues.
  • High Ejection Fraction (Above 70%): While an ejection fraction above the normal range might not always be cause for concern, highly high values could be associated with conditions like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Further evaluation is necessary to determine the underlying cause and assess overall heart health.
  • Low Normal Range (Below 55%): Ejection fraction values below the lower limit of the normal range may indicate reduced pumping efficiency. This could indicate early-stage heart dysfunction, and healthcare providers may recommend additional tests to identify potential causes.
  • Moderately Reduced Ejection Fraction (40% to 55%): A moderately reduced ejection fraction may suggest mild to moderate impairment in heart function. While individuals in this range may not exhibit severe symptoms, close monitoring and lifestyle modifications may be recommended to prevent further decline.
  • Significantly Reduced Ejection Fraction (Below 40%): Severe reduction in ejection fraction indicates significant impairment in pumping function. This is often associated with advanced heart failure and may require more aggressive interventions, such as medications, lifestyle changes, or, in severe cases, surgical procedures.

Research & Evidence

The evolution of utilizing ejection fraction (EF) as a cardiac function measure spans several decades and is rooted deeply in cardiovascular research and advancements in medical imaging technologies (Cristol, 2017). 

This journey has culminated in the developing of the Normal Ejection Fraction by Age Chart, a sophisticated tool in cardiovascular medicine (Rawshani, 2020). Research studies employing state-of-the-art imaging modalities, such as echocardiography and cardiac MRI, have been pivotal in establishing normative EF ranges across diverse age groups (Curtis et al., 2003).

The evidentiary foundation supporting the application of the Normal Ejection Fraction by Age Chart is substantial, as it offers a standardized reference for interpreting individual EF values. This instrument proves instrumental in early detection of cardiac dysfunction, facilitates risk stratification, and enables timely interventions for preventing or managing heart-related conditions (Huff, 2021). 

Moreover, professional medical bodies like the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) underscore the significance of incorporating age-related EF variations in their guidelines for heart health assessments (Texas Heart Institute, 2018).

The wealth of references from reputable sources underscores the credibility and reliability of the Normal Ejection Fraction by Age Chart. This chart stands at the forefront of comprehensive cardiovascular care, integrating historical insights with contemporary research to enhance the precision of cardiac evaluations and interventions.


Cristol, H. (2017, August 21). Ejection fraction. WebMD.

Curtis, J. P., Sokol, S. I., Wang, Y., Rathore, S. S., Ko, D. T., Jadbabaie, F., Portnay, E. L., Marshalko, S. J., Radford, M. J., & Krumholz, H. M. (2003). The association of left ventricular ejection fraction, mortality, and cause of death in stable outpatients with heart failure. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 42(4), 736–742.

Huff, C. (2021, February 1). Ways to maximize your lifespan with Heart Failure. WebMD.

Rawshani, A., MD PhD. (2020, September 23). Ejection fraction (EF): Physiology, Measurement & Clinical Evaluation. ECG & ECHO.

The Texas Heart Institute. (2018, September 11). What is the normal result for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)? | The Texas Heart Institute.

Who typically requests a Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart?
Who typically requests a Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart?

Commonly asked questions

Who typically requests a Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart?

Healthcare professionals, including cardiologists, primary care physicians, and specialists, typically request Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Charts. Individuals with a history of heart conditions or those at risk of cardiovascular issues may also inquire about their charts.

When are Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Charts used?

These charts are used during cardiac evaluations, preventive health check-ups, and assessments of individuals presenting with symptoms like shortness of breath or fatigue. They are also employed in long-term management for tracking changes in ejection fraction over time.

How are Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Charts used?

Healthcare providers use the charts to interpret ejection fraction measurements obtained through diagnostic tools like echocardiography. The charts guide the assessment of cardiac function by comparing individual sizes to the expected normal range based on age.

How long does a Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart take?

The time to use a Normal Ejection Fraction By Age Chart varies. Healthcare professionals can quickly refer to the chart during patient consultations for immediate interpretation in clinical settings. The time is minimal for individuals to obtain their charts for personal health management once the chart is accessible.

Join 10,000+ teams using Carepatron to be more productive

One app for all your healthcare work