What is a Pinch Grip Test?
are a set of assessments that double as tools that practitioners conduct on patients to check their overall health and ability to perform certain tasks. The data obtained from these tests are helpful for job analysis, functional capacity evaluation, post-offer evaluation cases, and examining the median nerve’s anterior interosseous nerve branch’s neurological dysfunction.
The pinch grip tests utilize pinch dynamometers or pinch meters to assess the pinch strength of a patient. There are three standard pinch strength tests one performs such as:
- Key Pinch or Lateral Pinch
- Three Jaw Chuck Pinch or Three-Point Pinch
- Tip-to-Tip Pinch or Two-Point Pinch
Each test must be done on the dominant and non-dominant sides thrice. The average score obtained per side, per test, will be compared with Normative Pinch Strength Data with consideration of the patient’s age, sex, and side.
How does it work?
Access the Template
You can access and download the template by:
- Clicking the “Download Template” or “Use Template” button above
- Searching for the “Pinch Grip Test” in Carepatron’s template library on our website or app.
Conduct the Test
Before you begin, don’t forget to complete the required basic information, such as your name, the patient’s name, the exam date, age, and sex. Afterward, prepare the pinch dynamometer, and you may proceed to follow the test instructions on the template.
Once you’re finished with testing, you may record the patient’s results, compute the average, and interpret the final score with the Normative Pinch Strength Data on the test instructions.
Proceed with the Next Steps
If the patient falls short of passing, you may proceed with the next steps, such as a treatment plan until the next test.
Pinch Grip Tests Example (sample)
Here’s an example of a completed Pinch Grip Tests Example wherein the fictional patient is healthy and fit for work. This will give you an insight into how this assessment may look completed, and you can use it as a reference or for educational purposes for other patients.
You can grab a copy for offline use by clicking the sample below or the “Download Example PDF” button above.
When would you use this Template?
“Post Offer” Evaluation.
The test can be used to check if a patient is prone to developing repetitive motion disorders.
The test can assess whether patients can use their hands extensively for work.
Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE)
The test can be used to determine the manual dexterity and fine motor skills of a patient.
Aside from the three cases, the pinch grip test is also used to help diagnose Anterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome (AINS).
Easy and Quick to Administer
Our template comes with instructions written in layman’s terms, making it easy to understand and administer. Furthermore, you'll have test results in no time because it only requires a single piece of equipment and, at most, 30 minutes to complete the test.
Create Individualized Treatment Plans
Should your patients be unfit for work or show signs of AINS, this document can be used as a basis for individualized treatment plans because you’ll be able to see which pinch to improve on.
Establish Baselines for Comparison
You can use the test and our template as a baseline and reference for comparison, especially if the patient’s results show they need to improve pinching strength.
Written Digital Copies for Reference
With our free pinch grip test template, you’ll have written copies you can use as a reference. You can also access it on any mobile gadget you have on hand. Furthermore, on Carepatron, you can store the filled-out template and give limited viewing access to relevant parties.
Research & Evidence
In 1984, according to the study “Reliability and validity of grip and pinch strength evaluations” by Mathiowetz, Weber, Volland, and Kashman, if a mean of three trials is used, “test-retest reliability [is] highest.” This is currently being implemented in testing and has proven to be effective. One study that supports the effectiveness and usefulness of the pinch grip tests is “Test-retest reliability of tip, key, and palmar pinch force sense in healthy adults.” According to Li, Li, Wu, and Zhang, “high test-retest reliability of tip, key, and palmar pinch force sense in healthy adults can be achieved using standardized positioning and the proposed approach.”
Why use Carepatron as your Pinch Grip Test app?
That’s because various occupational and physical therapists benefit from using Carepatron in their practice, and you can too!
Using Carepatron’s software or mobile and desktop applications, you’ll find that there’s so much more you can do than download, fill out, and store your pinch grip test template. With Carepatron’s tools and features, you can better:
Control your Schedule
On Carepatron, patients can request appointments independently. All approved requests on your Google Calendar and iCal can automatically appear on our built-in calendar with automatic syncing. Finally, you can send automated reminders to your clients via SMS and email to reduce no-shows.
Manage Clinical Documents
You can find over 1000 medical documents you can edit, download, print in PDF format, and use in your practice. With ready-made templates, you’ll save both the time and effort that would’ve gone to creating from scratch. Additionally, Carepatron has a built-in scanner and note taker to make it easier to upload personal documents, create notes, and store all of these in our secure, HIPAA-compliant storage.
Handle Online Therapy Payments
Automate invoice creation, set up reminders, and process payments on Carepatron in minutes. It’ll make it easier for people to pay on time since they’ll have more payment options and be reminded of their due.
These are accessible for free only on Carepatron. Don’t miss out on the chance to increase the caliber of your practice by signing up on Carepatron today!
Mathiowetz, V., Weber, K., Volland, G., & Kashman, N. (1984). Reliability and validity of grip and pinch strength evaluations. The Journal of hand surgery, 9(2), 222–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0363-5023(84)80146-x
Li, L., Li, Y., Wu, C. et al. Test–retest reliability of tip, key, and palmar pinch force sense in healthy adults. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 21, 189 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-3187-7