Pinch Grip Test

Assess your patient’s ability to perform certain tasks with their hands and overall health with pinch grip tests. Click here for a free template copy!

By Patricia Buenaventura on Jul 05, 2024.

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Fact Checked by Ericka Pingol.

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Pinch Grip Test PDF Example
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What is a Pinch Grip Test?

are a set of assessments that double as tools that practitioners conduct on patients to check their overall health and ability to perform certain tasks. The data obtained from these tests are helpful for job analysis, functional capacity evaluation, post-offer evaluation cases, and examining the median nerve’s anterior interosseous nerve branch’s neurological dysfunction.

The pinch grip tests utilize pinch dynamometers or pinch meters to assess the pinch strength of a patient. There are three standard pinch strength tests one performs such as:

  • Key Pinch or Lateral Pinch
  • Three Jaw Chuck Pinch or Three-Point Pinch
  • Tip-to-Tip Pinch or Two-Point Pinch

Each test must be done on the dominant and non-dominant sides thrice. The average score obtained per side, per test, will be compared with Normative Pinch Strength Data with consideration of the patient’s age, sex, and side.

How does it work?

Access the Template

You can access and download the template by:

  • Clicking the “Download Template” or “Use Template” button above
  • Searching for the “Pinch Grip Test” in Carepatron’s template library on our website or app.

Conduct the Test

Before you begin, don’t forget to complete the required basic information, such as your name, the patient’s name, the exam date, age, and sex. Afterward, prepare the pinch dynamometer, and you may proceed to follow the test instructions on the template. 

Interpret

Once you’re finished with testing, you may record the patient’s results, compute the average,  and interpret the final score with the Normative Pinch Strength Data on the test instructions. 

Proceed with the Next Steps

If the patient falls short of passing, you may proceed with the next steps, such as a treatment plan until the next test. 

Pinch Grip Tests Example (sample)

Here’s an example of a completed Pinch Grip Tests Example wherein the fictional patient is healthy and fit for work. This will give you an insight into how this assessment may look completed, and you can use it as a reference or for educational purposes for other patients. 

You can grab a copy for offline use by clicking the sample below or the “Download Example PDF” button above. 

Download this Pinch Grip Test Example:

Pinch Grip Tests Example (sample)

When would you use this Template?

Medical practitioners in occupational and physical therapy settings can use the template and conduct the pinch grip test for the following cases:

“Post Offer” Evaluation. 

The test can be used to check if a patient is prone to developing repetitive motion disorders. 

Workers Compensation 

The test can assess whether patients can use their hands extensively for work. 

Functional Capacity Evaluation (FCE)

The test can be used to determine the manual dexterity and fine motor skills of a patient. 

Aside from the three cases, the pinch grip test is also used to help diagnose Anterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome (AINS). 

Benefits

Easy and Quick to Administer

Our template comes with instructions written in layman’s terms, making it easy to understand and administer. Furthermore, you'll have test results in no time because it only requires a single piece of equipment and, at most, 30 minutes to complete the test. 

Create Individualized Treatment Plans

Should your patients be unfit for work or show signs of AINS, this document can be used as a basis for individualized treatment plans because you’ll be able to see which pinch to improve on. 

Establish Baselines for Comparison

You can use the test and our template as a baseline and reference for comparison, especially if the patient’s results show they need to improve pinching strength. 

Written Digital Copies for Reference

With our free pinch grip test template, you’ll have written copies you can use as a reference. You can also access it on any mobile gadget you have on hand. Furthermore, on Carepatron, you can store the filled-out template and give limited viewing access to relevant parties. 

Research & Evidence

In 1984, according to the study “Reliability and validity of grip and pinch strength evaluations” by Mathiowetz, Weber, Volland, and Kashman, if a mean of three trials is used, “test-retest reliability [is] highest.” This is currently being implemented in testing and has proven to be effective. One study that supports the effectiveness and usefulness of the pinch grip tests is “Test-retest reliability of tip, key, and palmar pinch force sense in healthy adults.” According to Li, Li, Wu, and Zhang, “high test-retest reliability of tip, key, and palmar pinch force sense in healthy adults can be achieved using standardized positioning and the proposed approach.” 

Why use Carepatron as your Pinch Grip Test app?

That’s because various occupational and physical therapists benefit from using Carepatron in their practice, and you can too!

Using Carepatron’s software or mobile and desktop applications, you’ll find that there’s so much more you can do than download, fill out, and store your pinch grip test template. With Carepatron’s tools and features, you can better:

Control your Schedule

On Carepatron, patients can request appointments independently. All approved requests on your Google Calendar and iCal can automatically appear on our built-in calendar with automatic syncing. Finally, you can send automated reminders to your clients via SMS and email to reduce no-shows. 

Manage Clinical Documents

You can find over 1000 medical documents you can edit, download, print in PDF format, and use in your practice. With ready-made templates, you’ll save both the time and effort that would’ve gone to creating from scratch. Additionally, Carepatron has a built-in scanner and note taker to make it easier to upload personal documents, create notes, and store all of these in our secure, HIPAA-compliant storage. 

Handle Online Therapy Payments

Automate invoice creation, set up reminders, and process payments on Carepatron in minutes. It’ll make it easier for people to pay on time since they’ll have more payment options and be reminded of their due. 

These are accessible for free only on Carepatron. Don’t miss out on the chance to increase the caliber of your practice by signing up on Carepatron today!

Electronic Health Records Software

References

Mathiowetz, V., Weber, K., Volland, G., & Kashman, N. (1984). Reliability and validity of grip and pinch strength evaluations. The Journal of hand surgery, 9(2), 222–226. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0363-5023(84)80146-x

Li, L., Li, Y., Wu, C. et al. Test–retest reliability of tip, key, and palmar pinch force sense in healthy adults. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 21, 189 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-3187-7

Who uses the Pinch Grip Test?
Who uses the Pinch Grip Test?

Commonly asked questions

Who uses the Pinch Grip Test?

Physical therapists and occupational therapists are most likely to use and benefit from having a pinch grip test template.

When do you use the Pinch Grip Test?

A pinch grip test template is usually used when a company requests proof that employees can use their hands extensively for work if they are prone to developing repetitive motion disorders, etc.

How is the Pinch Grip Test used?

It’s similar to other physical exam tests wherein the result can be used as a guide, reference, or basis of the patient’s overall health and ability to perform certain tasks.

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