Berg Balance Scale

Explore the Berg Balance Scale for evaluating balance in elderly patients. Effectively assess stability and mobility to enhance daily living.

By Wynona Jugueta on Jun 20, 2024.

Fact Checked by Nate Lacson.

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Berg Balance Scale PDF Example
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What is a Berg Balance Scale?

As a healthcare professional, keeping your elderly patients mobile and independent is a top priority. Balance problems become more familiar with increasing age, impacting activity levels, and raising fall risk. The Berg balance test can help you in occupational or physical therapy work.

The Berg Balance Scale was developed by Katherine Berg in 1989, with the initial target population having an average age of 73. This evidence-based clinical assessment tool measures balance and mobility in older adults and other individuals with impairments due to illness or injury (Miranda-Cantellops & Tiu, 2023).

This scale evaluates an individual's ability to perform everyday activities such as getting off a chair, reaching for objects on a shelf, or stepping up onto a step. Each task is scored on a 0-4 scale, where 0 indicates the individual cannot perform the task and 4 means they can do so independently, with no difficulty. Testing takes 15-20 minutes to complete the examination (Berg et al., 1989). It assesses balance with a maximum score of 56, where higher scores signify better balance.

By identifying balance impairments, the Berg Balance Scale helps healthcare professionals create personalized plans and interventions for elderly persons to improve their quality of life and overall balance.

Printable Berg Balance Scale

Download this Berg Balance Scale in order to assess your client’s balance and mobility.

How to use this Berg Balance Scale

We've grasped the fundamentals of the Berg Balance Scale. Let's leverage this knowledge to develop personalized treatment plans for our elderly patients. By effectively utilizing the BBS, we can create targeted interventions to improve balance and prevent falls. Here are the steps involved:

Step 1: Prepare for the assessment

Download the test. Familiarize yourself with the tasks and scoring criteria beforehand. Briefly explain the scale and each task to your patient to ensure understanding.

Step 2: Conduct the test

Guide your patient through each of the 14 tasks or items. Observe their performance and score them on a 0-4 scale (0 = unable to perform, 4 = independent and complete). Note any observations or concerns you have while talking to the patient.

Step 3: Analyze and develop a plan

Once you've completed the scale, calculate the total score. This score provides a general picture of your patient's balance ability. Analyze the individual scores to identify areas of strength and weakness. Use this information to create a personalized treatment plan to address specific balance deficits and improve overall mobility.

Step 4: Document and track progress

Document your patient's score and any relevant observations in their medical record. Consider using a secure electronic health record system like Carepatron for easy access and future reference. This allows you to track progress over time and evaluate the effectiveness of your interventions.

Berg Balance Scale example (sample)

To illustrate how this template is used in real life, we've prepared a Berg Balance Scale example. This will give you an idea of what tasks are included in the scale and how they're scored. You can view the sample here or download it as a PDF for reference.

Download this Berg Balance Scale example (sample) here:

Berg Balance Scale Example (Sample)

When would you typically use a Berg Balance Scale?

Using the Berg Balance Scale effectively empowers you to create targeted treatment plans for elderly patients. Now that we've explored the steps involved, let's delve into the ideal scenarios for utilizing the BBS in your physical therapy practice.

When assessing the risk of falls and mobility in older adults

This test can identify any impairments in balance or mobility. It can also help healthcare professionals create tailored interventions that reduce the risk of falls and injuries. A meta-analysis of 21 studies assessed the predictive validity of the Berg Balance Scale in predicting falls, showing its effectiveness, especially for those under 65 with neuromuscular disease, multiple falls, and a BBS cutoff of 45 to 49 (Park & Lee, 2016).

When assessing the progress of balance therapy

The Berg Balance Scale helps healthcare professionals track the progress of their patients' therapy over time, ensuring that the interventions they provide are effective. It measures postural balance in stroke patients, allowing therapists to assess fall risk and tailor rehabilitation programs for improved balance (Miyata et al., 2022).

When assessing pre- and post-operative balance

Using the Berg Balance Scale, you can measure a patient's balance before and after surgery. This helps you to get an accurate picture of the patient's overall balance. One study used the scale to evaluate balance function pre- and post-total knee arthroplasty (Kiyohara et al., 2021).

During annual health assessments for elderly individuals

During yearly check-ups for the aging population, healthcare professionals assess one's activity level using tools like the Berg Balance Scale to monitor changes in mobility and balance over time.

Who can use this Berg Balance Scale?

Having explored ideal situations for using the Berg Balance Scale, let's widen the lens to consider who can benefit from this assessment tool. While the BBS holds particular value for evaluating balance in older adults, its applications extend beyond this population. Specifically, it's a helpful tool for:

With this resource, you can gather vital information to create effective action plans for individuals of all ages.

Why use Carepatron as your physical therapy software?

Carepatron is the perfect solution for healthcare professionals looking for an easy and convenient way to manage their patient care needs. Our comprehensive platform makes it easier than ever to keep track of patient information, access clinical data, monitor medication schedules, and more. The intuitive interface makes it easy to stay organized and on top of all your tasks.

With Carepatron, you can access the most up-to-date medical records from any device or location. This helps ensure you give your patient the best and most effective care possible. Additionally, the platform offers a variety of tools to help streamline processes such as scheduling appointments, customizing templates, securing patient records, and automating payments and billing. 

Give Carepatron a try today and see the difference. With this platform, you'll save time, money, and energy—all while providing your patients with the highest quality of service.

automating payment and billing


Berg, K., Wood-Dauphinee, S. L., Williams, J. I., & Gayton, D. (1989). Berg Balance Scale (BBS) [Database record]. APA PsycTests.

Kiyohara, M., Hamai, S., Okazaki, K., Fujiyoshi, D., Mizu-uchi, H., & Nakashima, Y. (2021). Evaluation of the balance function before and after total knee arthroplasty using Berg balance scale. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery.

Miranda-Cantellops, N., & Tiu, T. K. (2023, February 17). Berg Balance Testing. PubMed; StatPearls Publishing.

Miyata, K., Tamura, S., Kobayashi, S., Takeda, R., & Iwamoto, H. (2022). Berg Balance Scale is a valid measure for plan interventions and for assessing changes in postural balance in patients with stroke. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 54, jrm00359.

Park, S.-H., & Lee, Y.-S. (2016). The diagnostic accuracy of the Berg Balance Scale in predicting falls. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 39(11), 1502–1525.

Who conducts the Berg Balance Scale Assessment?
Who conducts the Berg Balance Scale Assessment?

Commonly asked questions

Who conducts the Berg Balance Scale Assessment?

Trained healthcare professionals, such as physical or occupational therapists, administer the Berg Balance Scale.

Why use the Berg Balance Scale?

Healthcare professionals use the Berg Balance Scale to assess a person's balance abilities, helping to identify fall risks and tailor appropriate interventions.

What does the Berg Balance Scale measure?

The Berg Balance Scale measures an individual’s overall balance. It covers various tasks like standing, sitting, reaching, turning, and more.

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