Hemoglobin Level

Have a hemoglobin level chart on hand when analyzing and interpreting your patient’s hemoglobin level test results. Click here to download a free template.

By Patricia Buenaventura on Jul 15, 2024.


Fact Checked by Ericka Pingol.

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Hemoglobin Level PDF Example
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What are normal hemoglobin levels?

Hemoglobin is a complex protein molecule found in red blood cells that plays a crucial role in oxygen and carbon dioxide transport throughout the body. It carries oxygen from the lungs to various tissues and helps remove carbon dioxide, making it essential for overall health and well-being (Ahmed et al., 2020).

Hemoglobin levels are typically measured as part of a complete blood count (CBC). The normal range can vary slightly depending on factors such as age, sex, and pregnancy status. Generally, normal hemoglobin levels are:

  • Adult men: 13.5 to 17.5 g/dL
  • Adult women: 12.0 to 15.5 g/dL
  • Children: 11.0 to 16.0 g/dL (varies by age)
  • Pregnant women: 11.0 to 14.0 g/dL

What affects hemoglobin levels?

When hemoglobin levels fall below the normal range, it may indicate anemia. Common causes of low hemoglobin count and fewer red blood cells being produced in the body include:

  • Iron deficiency anemia, sickle cell anemia
  • Chronic diseases (e.g., chronic kidney disease, cancer)
  • Vitamin deficiencies (B12, folate)
  • Blood loss
  • Bone marrow disorders

On the other hand, elevated hemoglobin levels can be caused by:

  • Dehydration
  • Lung diseases
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Polycythemia vera
  • Living at high altitudes

High hemoglobin levels may increase the risk of blood clots and related complications. These irregular levels can also affect the production of healthy red blood cells.

What is a Hemoglobin Level Chart?

A Hemoglobin Level Chart is valuable for healthcare practitioners to assess and monitor a patient's blood health. It visually represents the normal ranges of hemoglobin concentrations in the blood, typically measured in grams per deciliter (g/dL) or grams per liter (g/L). These charts are essential for quickly identifying whether a patient's hemoglobin levels fall within the expected range or if they indicate potential health issues.

How to use our Hemoglobin Level Chart

The following steps can be followed to make the most out of this hemoglobin chart in your practice:

Step 1: Obtain a copy of the template

Hemoglobin Level Charts are a valuable resource that's best to keep handy. So, make sure that you have one when the need arises by doing either of the steps below:

  • Clicking the “Download Template” or “Use Template” button
  • Searching “Hemoblogin Levels Chart” on Carepatron's template library's search bar on the website or app

Step 2: Input essential information

If you plan on using it as more than a visual aid when educating patients on normal hemoglobin levels, it's best if you fill out essential patient details, including the test results of their hemoglobin test. 

Step 3: Compare and contrast

Afterward, use the chart provided to compare and contrast normal levels with those found on your patient's test results document. Don't forget to consider their age and gender when analyzing. 

Step 4: Write down interpretation

On our template, you may write your observations and/or findings in the space dedicated to interpreting results. You may also utilize the space for additional notes or information to write down medical interventions you need to perform or further examinations you must conduct. 

How to measure hemoglobin levels

Measuring hemoglobin levels is crucial for assessing a patient's overall health and detecting various blood disorders that affect red blood cell production. This process typically involves different blood tests, which can be performed differently depending on the clinical setting and the specific information needed (Karakochuk et al., 2019).

Complete blood count test

The most common method for measuring hemoglobin levels is through a complete blood count (CBC). This comprehensive test provides information about various blood components, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Hemoglobin concentration is a key part of the CBC results. The CBC provides hemoglobin concentration in grams per deciliter (g/dL) or grams per liter (g/L).

Point-of-care testing

Point-of-care hemoglobin testing devices are used in some clinical settings for rapid results. These portable devices can measure hemoglobin levels from a small blood sample, often obtained through a finger prick. While convenient, it's important to note that these devices may be slightly less accurate than laboratory-based tests and are typically used for screening purposes or in situations where immediate results are necessary.

Hemoglobin electrophoresis

Hemoglobin electrophoresis may be performed for more detailed analysis, particularly when investigating hemoglobin disorders like sickle cell disease or thalassemia. This test separates different types of hemoglobin and normal red blood cells based on their electrical charge, allowing for the identification of a defective hemoglobin gene.

Hemoglobin A1c test

Hemoglobin A1C, or glycated hemoglobin, is a valuable marker for long-term blood sugar control in diabetes management. This test measures the percentage of hemoglobin molecules with glucose attached to them, providing an average blood glucose level over the past 2-3 months.


Ahmed, M. H., Ghatge, M. S., & Safo, M. K. (2020). Hemoglobin: Structure, function and allostery. In Vertebrate and Invertebrate Respiratory Proteins, Lipoproteins and Other Body Fluid Proteins. Springer. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-41769-7_14

Karakochuk, C. D., Hess, S. Y., Moorthy, D., Namaste, S., Parker, M. E., Rappaport, A. I., Wegmüller, R., & Dary, O. (2019). Measurement and interpretation of hemoglobin concentration in clinical and field settings: A narrative review. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1450(1), 126–146. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14003

What level of hemoglobin is concerning?
What level of hemoglobin is concerning?

Commonly asked questions

What level of hemoglobin is concerning?

Hemoglobin levels that fall significantly below the normal range are considered concerning and may indicate anemia. Generally, hemoglobin levels below 12 g/dL in adult women and below 13.5 g/dL in adult men are considered low and warrant further investigation and potential treatment.

What is the lowest acceptable hemoglobin level?

The lowest acceptable hemoglobin level can vary depending on the individual's age, sex, and overall health status. However, as a general guideline, hemoglobin levels below 10 g/dL are typically considered low and may require medical intervention. Levels below 7 g/dL are considered severe anemia and require prompt treatment.

How much hemoglobin level is good for a baby?

The normal range for hemoglobin levels in babies can vary based on their age. A hemoglobin level between 13.5 to 18.5 g/dL in newborns is considered normal. By 6 months of age, the normal range is typically 11.0 to 14.0 g/dL. Healthcare providers monitor infant hemoglobin levels closely to ensure proper red blood cell production and oxygen delivery during this critical stage of development.

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