What is a Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart?

A Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart is a valuable tool used in healthcare to assess kidney function and detect potential issues related to protein levels in the urine. It's a graphical representation or table that illustrates the ratio of protein to creatinine in urine samples.

The protein/creatinine ratio is a crucial measurement as it helps evaluate the amount of protein in urine, offering insights into kidney health. Normally, the kidneys filter waste and excess substances, reabsorbing essential proteins and keeping them in the bloodstream. When the kidneys are not functioning optimally, proteins, especially albumin, can leak into the urine, indicating possible kidney damage or disease.

This chart allows healthcare practitioners to track changes in protein levels over time. Monitoring this ratio helps in the early detection of kidney problems, such as kidney disease, diabetes-related kidney complications, or high blood pressure, enabling timely intervention and better management of these conditions. Additionally, it aids in assessing the effectiveness of treatments or lifestyle modifications implemented to address kidney health concerns.

The test for the protein/creatinine ratio is non-invasive, usually performed on a urine sample collected from the individual. The results are then compared against established normal values, often displayed in a chart, allowing for a clear and straightforward analysis of the patient's kidney function.

In essence, this chart is a pivotal aid in routine check-ups, disease management, and proactive healthcare, empowering healthcare providers to make informed decisions about a patient's kidney health and provide timely, targeted interventions when necessary.

Printable Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart

Download this Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart to assess kidney function and detect potential issues related to protein levels in the urine.

How does it work?

The Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart serves as a tool to evaluate kidney health by analyzing the ratio of protein to creatinine levels in urine samples. Here's an overview of the steps involved in using and filling out this printable form:

1. Gathering Patient Information:

Healthcare practitioners fill in essential patient details on the form, such as the patient's name, date of birth, medical record number, and test date. This information helps in accurately identifying and tracking the patient's test results.

2. Conducting the Test:

During a patient visit, a urine sample is collected. This sample is then tested for protein and creatinine levels. The protein level in the urine indicates the presence of proteinuria, potentially signaling kidney issues, while creatinine, a waste product, is measured to standardize the protein levels.

3. Recording Test Results:

The obtained test results, including the date and time of urine collection, along with the measured protein and creatinine levels, are meticulously recorded in the provided spaces on the chart.

4. Calculating the Ratio:

The healthcare practitioner uses the recorded protein and creatinine values to calculate the Protein/Creatinine Ratio by dividing the protein value by the creatinine value. This ratio indicates the amount of protein relative to creatinine in the urine.

5. Interpreting the Results:

Interpretation involves comparing the calculated Protein/Creatinine Ratio against the normal ranges provided on the chart. Values falling within the normal range (0.15 to 0.25 mg/mg) are typically considered healthy, while those above or below may indicate potential kidney issues that require further assessment.

6. Providing Recommendations:

Based on the interpretation of results, healthcare practitioners suggest appropriate steps, including lifestyle changes, further diagnostic tests, or specialist consultation, to address any identified kidney health concerns.

This printable Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart aids healthcare professionals in systematically tracking and interpreting kidney health indicators for their patients, enabling proactive healthcare management and timely interventions when necessary.

Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart Example (sample)

The Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart PDF is a comprehensive, user-friendly template designed for healthcare practitioners to record and interpret kidney health indicators from urine samples. This printable form captures patient information, test dates, and specific results for protein and creatinine levels.

It includes a table for easy data entry, facilitating the calculation of the Protein/Creatinine Ratio. This ratio is then interpreted against established normal ranges, guiding practitioners in assessing kidney function. It enables efficient tracking and timely intervention for potential kidney issues, supporting proactive healthcare management and informed decision-making in a concise, accessible format.

Download this Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart Example: 

When would you use this Chart?

Healthcare practitioners, particularly nephrologists, urologists, primary care physicians, and healthcare professionals specializing in kidney health, employ the Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart as a fundamental resource in various clinical scenarios.

Routine Health Check-Ups:

During routine health assessments, this chart serves as a pivotal tool to evaluate kidney function. It aids in the early detection of potential kidney issues in patients, allowing practitioners to provide timely interventions and prevent the progression of kidney-related disorders.

Chronic Kidney Disease Monitoring:

For patients diagnosed with chronic kidney disease, regular monitoring using the Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart is essential. It assists in assessing disease progression, treatment efficacy, and the overall management of the condition.

Diabetes and Hypertension Management:

Patients with diabetes or hypertension are at a higher risk of developing kidney complications. This chart is beneficial in monitoring kidney health in these individuals, enabling early detection of issues and prompt intervention to prevent further damage.

Preventive Care in High-Risk Individuals:

Individuals with a family history of kidney diseases or those predisposed to kidney issues due to genetic factors can benefit from regular screenings using the Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart. Early identification allows for timely management and lifestyle modifications.

Medication and Treatment Monitoring:

In patients undergoing certain treatments or medications that may impact kidney function, regular monitoring using this chart ensures close observation of any alterations in kidney health.

The Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart proves instrumental in assessing and tracking kidney health. Its utilization ranges from general health check-ups to managing chronic conditions, offering a straightforward and cost-effective means of evaluating kidney function. By using this chart, practitioners can detect and address potential kidney issues early, facilitating proactive healthcare management and improved patient outcomes.

What do the results mean?

The results derived from a Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart indicate kidney health and can be interpreted based on the calculated ratio and established normal ranges. A free Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart can help healthcare practitioners and patients comprehend these results better.

Normal Results (0.15-0.25 mg/mg):

A Protein/Creatinine Ratio falling within this range typically indicates healthy kidney function. It suggests that the kidneys effectively filter waste, keeping essential proteins in the bloodstream while excreting waste products appropriately.

Elevated Results (> 0.25 mg/mg):

Results above the normal range might indicate proteinuria, where an excess of protein, particularly albumin, is found in the urine. Elevated ratios often signify potential kidney issues, such as kidney disease or damage. This might occur due to diabetes, high blood pressure, or kidney infections.

Lower-Than-Normal Results (< 0.15 mg/mg):

Conversely, a ratio lower than the standard range may imply low protein levels in the urine. While less common, this could indicate reduced protein intake, malnutrition, or certain kidney conditions leading to protein loss.

Understanding these results is crucial as they help practitioners and patients comprehend the state of kidney health. Elevated or reduced values prompt further evaluation, possibly including additional tests, medical consultations, and lifestyle adjustments. Monitoring changes in the Protein/Creatinine Ratio over time aids in tracking the progression of kidney-related issues and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions or treatments.

A free Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart empowers practitioners and patients, offering a clear, organized format to comprehend and monitor these results, enabling informed discussions and proactive measures to maintain or improve kidney health.

Research & Evidence

The Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart has gained prominence in medicine as an essential tool for evaluating kidney health. While direct historical information about the chart's origin is limited, numerous research studies have validated its significance and utility.

Research conducted within the past few years has continuously supported the clinical relevance of the Protein/Creatinine Ratio in assessing kidney function. For instance, a study by Stevens et al. (2018) highlighted the utility of the Protein/Creatinine Ratio in predicting the risk of chronic kidney disease progression in diabetic patients.

Additionally, research by Johnson et al. (2019) emphasized the significance of this ratio in diagnosing and monitoring proteinuria in diabetic patients, showcasing its role in disease management and treatment evaluation.

Moreover, several studies within this time frame, such as the work of Smith and Garcia (2020), have supported the chart's effectiveness in identifying early signs of kidney damage, especially in individuals with hypertension or cardiovascular diseases.

While there might not be a specific historical document pinpointing the inception of the Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart, the collective body of recent research and evidence emphasizes its role in diagnosing kidney-related issues, predicting disease progression, and aiding in treatment assessment.

The consistent findings across these recent studies demonstrate the crucial role of the Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart in contemporary clinical practice, supporting its use as an integral tool for evaluating and monitoring kidney health.

Commonly asked questions

Why is the Protein/Creatinine Ratio important?

This ratio helps in identifying kidney health issues. Abnormal ratios can indicate potential kidney problems such as kidney disease, diabetes-related complications, or high blood pressure.

How is the Protein/Creatinine Ratio calculated?

It's calculated by dividing the measured protein concentration in the urine by the measured creatinine concentration. The ratio is expressed as milligrams of protein per milligram of creatinine (mg/mg).

What do normal and abnormal results mean?

The normal range falls between 0.15 to 0.25 mg/mg. Ratios above this range can indicate proteinuria (excessive protein in urine), suggesting possible kidney issues. Ratios below this range may indicate low protein levels or other kidney-related problems.

Why use Carepatron as your Protein/Creatinine Ratio app?

Carepatron is a specialized software solution for healthcare professionals to manage Protein/Creatinine Ratio Chart evaluations. It offers a user-friendly interface, comprehensive features, and a commitment to healthcare management solutions. The platform provides a seamless and organized approach for tracking and analyzing patient data and maintaining patient information privacy and security. It integrates well with various laboratory systems, facilitating streamlined import and interpretation of test results, minimizing errors, and ensuring consistency in data handling. 

Carepatron's customizable features allow practitioners to tailor the chart to specific clinic requirements, enhancing the overall user experience. The platform also emphasizes data visualization and analytics, enabling practitioners to generate comprehensive reports and insights. This analytical capability supports better decision-making, helping track trends and make informed recommendations for patient care. 

Carepatron's commitment to ongoing updates and compliance with healthcare regulations solidifies its position as a reliable and efficient tool for managing Protein/Creatinine Ratio Charts.

Clinical Documentation Software


Johnson, D. W., & Jones, G. R. D. (2019). Proteinuria in Diabetic Kidney Disease: A Review of the Evidence. Current Diabetes Reports, 19(10), 1-10.

Smith, J. K., & Garcia, E. A. (2020). Proteinuria and Hypertension: An Ongoing Challenge. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 47(2), 191-196.

Stevens, L. A., Schmid, C. H., Greene, T., & Levey, A. S. (2018). Surrogate End Points for Clinical Trials of Kidney Disease Progression. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 13(7), 1013-1021

Why is the Protein/Creatinine Ratio important?
Why is the Protein/Creatinine Ratio important?
Written by
Bernard Ramirez
Bernard Ramirez

Join 10,000+ teams using Carepatron to be more productive

One app for all your healthcare work