Working as a speech language therapist requires an abundance of knowledge; including having a grasp on CPT codes, SOAP notes, and as we’ll explore assessments. There is a range of different speech/communication disorders that can be treated using speech therapy, including the following:
To treat fluency disorders
Fluency disorders impact the individual’s speed, rhythm, and flow of speech. Two of the most common fluency disorders are stuttering and cluttering, which respectively make an individual incapable of getting a sound out, or incapable of stopping their words from merging into each other.
For articulation disorders
Articulation disorders refer to the inability to properly form certain word sounds. These frequently occur in children, and you may see an individual changing, dropping, or swapping their sounds.
To treat receptive disorders
Receptive disorders are related to an individual’s inability to comprehend or understand what someone else is saying. This makes it difficult for them to follow conversations, interpret instructions, or complete everyday tasks. Receptive disorders are sometimes caused by brain injuries, autism, or hearing loss.
For resonance disorders
Resonance disorders are caused when normal airflow in either the oral or nasal cavities is blocked. Typically, this results in a change in vibrations, which consequently impact voice quality.
To treat aphasia
Aphasia is typically caused by a stroke, and it is a specific disorder that impacts an individual’s ability to understand others and speak. It can also influence the ability to read and write.
To treat dysarthria condition
Dysarthria is a disorder that is typically caused by nervous system damage or disorders that lead to facial paralysis (e.g. stroke, multiple sclerosis). Dysarthria results in difficulty to control speech muscles, leading to slurred or slow speech.